The medications in this list are arranged in alphabetical order.
  • Look for your medication in the medications list.
  • Check on the packet/bottle for when and how often to take it.
  • Read how the medication works and what side effects it might cause.
  • If you have a problem that is listed as a side effect, discuss it at your next appointment or if written in red, seek help urgently.

A

Condition:

  • Hypertension

How it works:

  • Relaxes blood vessels, decreases blood pressure, placing less strain on heart.

Side effects:

  • Swelling of feet
  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness
  • Stomach pain

Condition:

  • Depression

How it works:

  • Treats depression and/or anxiety.

Side effects:

  • Dry mouth
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Blurred vision
  • Sedation
Condition:
  • COPD
How it works:
  • Treats lung infections.
Side effects:
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Skin rash

Condition:

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes

How it works:

  • Thins the blood to prevent a stroke or heart attack.

Side effects:

  • Stomach pain or bleeding
  • Avoid in asthma

B

Condition:

  • Asthma

How it works:

  • Helps prevent a tight chest. Use even if chest is not tight.

Side effects:

  • Sore mouth – rinse after use to prevent it.

Condition:

  • Asthma

How it works:

  • Prevents hayfever – itchy, runny nose.

Side effects:

  • Uncommon

Condition:

  • Asthma

How it works:

  • Helps prevent a tight chest. Use even if chest is not tight.

Side effects:

  • Sore mouth – rinse mouth after use to prevent it.

C

Condition:
  • Epilepsy
How it works:
  • Prevents fits.
Side effects:
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Unsteady on feet
  • Blurred/double vision

Condition:

  • Depression/anxiety

How it works:

  • Treats depression and/or anxiety

Side effects:

  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Altered appetite
  • Dry mouth
Condition:
  • HIV
How it works:
  • Helps protect against some infections when the immune system is weak.
Side effects:
  • Nausea
  • Skin rash
  • Yellow skin and eyes

D

Condition:

  • HIV

How it works:

  • Lowers HIV level. May have harmful effect on fetus if taken in the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.

Side effects:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Difficulty sleeping (take in morning)

Condition:

  • COPD

How it works:

  • Treats lung infections.

Side effects:

  • Take with lots of water to prevent heartburn.

E

Condition:
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
How it works:
  • Prevents tightening of blood vessels, which decreases the blood pressure and protects the kidneys.
Side effects:
  • Swelling of tongue, lips or face
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness on standing up
  • Dry cough

F

Condition:
  • HIV
How it works:
  • Kills and protects against germs that occur in AIDS.
Side effects:
  • Nausea
  • Yellow skin and eyes

Condition:

  • Depression/anxiety

How it works:

  • Treats depression and/or anxiety

Side effects:

  • Changes in appetite and weight
  • Headache
  • Restlessness
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Sexual problems

Condition:

  • Asthma

How it works:

  • Helps prevent a tight chest. Use even if chest is not tight.

Side effects:

  • Sore mouth – rinse after use to prevent it.

G

Condition:
  • Diabetes
How it works:
  • Lowers the sugar in the blood
Side effects:
  • Irritable, tired, sweaty, shaky or confused – eat sugary food/drink,
  • If no better, seek help.
Condition:
  • Diabetes
How it works:
  • Lowers the sugar in the blood.
Side effects:
  • Irritable, tired, sweaty, shaky or confused – eat sugary food/drink
  • If no better, seek help.

H

Condition:

  • Hypertension

How it works:

  • Helps the kidneys get rid of excess salts and water, thus decreasing the blood pressure.

Side effects:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Swollen painful joint/s

I

Condition:

  • Pain

How it works:

  • Treats pain associated with inflammation or swelling, as well as fever.

Side effects:

  • Stomach problems; if taken for a long time, kidney or heart disease.
Condition:
  • Diabetes
How it works:
  • Lowers the sugar in the blood.
Side effects:
  • Irritable, tired, sweaty, shaky or confused – eat sugary food/drink
  • If no better, seek help.
Condition:
  • HIV
How it works:
  • Helps prevent TB.
Side effects:
  • Pain/numbness of feet,
  • Yellow skin and eyes
  • Skin rash

L

Condition:
  • Epilepsy
How it works:
  • Prevents fits
Side effects:
  • Skin rash
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Blurred vision
  • Drowsiness

M

Condition:

  • Diabetes

How it works:

  • Lowers the sugar in the blood.

Side effects:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Stomach pain

P

Condition:

  • Arthritis and other pain conditions

How it works:

  • Treats pain and fever.

Side effects:

  • Uncommon.
  • If taken regularly for more than a few months, it can cause headaches.
Condition:
  • Epilepsy
How it works:
  • Prevents fits.
Side effects:
  • Drowsiness
  • Large gums
  • Skin rash
  • Unsteady on feet
  • Blurred/double vision

Condition:

  • Asthma
  • COPD

How it works:

  • Helps to open the chest.

Side effects:

  • Problems sleeping
  • Mood changes

Condition:

  • TB

How it works:

  • Protects from nerve damage in the legs caused by isoniazid.

Side effects:

  • Uncommon

R

Condition:
  • TB
How it works:
  • Combination of four medications that work in different ways to kill TB germs (includes isoniazid).
Side effects:
  • Orange urine
  • Nausea
  • Pain/numbness of feet
  • Joint pain
  • Skin rash
  • Yellow skin and eyes
Condition:
  • TB
How it works:
  • Combination of two medications that work in different ways to kill TB germs (includes isoniazid).
Side effects:
  • Orange urine
  • Nausea
  • Pain/numbness of feet
  • Skin rash
  • Yellow skin and eyes

S

Condition:

  • Asthma
  • COPD

How it works:

  • Helps to open the chest. Use when chest is tight.

Side effects:

  • Tremor
  • Anxiety
  • Headache

Condition:

  • Asthma
  • COPD

How it works:

  • Helps prevent a tight chest. Use even if chest is not tight.

Side effects:

  • Headache
  • Sore mouth – rinse mouth after use to prevent it

Condition:

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes

How it works:

  • Lowers cholesterol in the blood to prevent heart attacks, strokes.

Side effects:

  • Stomach pain
  • Constipation
  • Nausea

Condition:

  • Epilepsy

How it works:

  • Prevents fits.

Side effects:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Weight gain
  • Yellow skin and eyes

T

Condition:
  • HIV
How it works:
  • Three medications in one tablet work together to lower HIV level in the body.
Side effects:
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Sleep problems – should pass in 6 weeks
  • Skin rash
  • Yellow skin and eyes

Condition:

  • HIV

How it works:

  • Three medications in one tablet work together to lower HIV level in the body. May have harmful effect on fetus if taken in the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.

Side effects:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Difficulty sleeping (take in morning)